Tanzania has attracted a number of our clients, having had relative political stability since introducing multi-party politics in 1992. Tanzania’s tourism and natural gas sectors are looking hot for investment opportunities over the coming years. The country’s business environment could become significantly more attractive, with more deregulation of state-controlled sectors, along with a reduction in red tape.

We ensure our clients make sound business decisions in Tanzania, using our risk-assessed total analysis model. Our research teams keep our clients informed of the latest market moves and political developments as part of our 'top-down' and 'bottom-up' perspective. Our expert views are supported by our interactive data and forecasting. We also provide in-depth analysis on 11 of Tanzania’s most important industries. Our expert insight will help you to tackle Tanzania with ease.

Country Risk

Tanzania Country Risk

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Core Views

  • Tanzania's growth prospects are bright in 2016 and 2017, supported by robust infrastructure investment and stronger household spending. While increased taxes on the tourism and telecoms sectors will offer some headwinds, we nevertheless single out Tanzania as a growth outperformer in the next two years.

  • Tanzania's current account deficit will widen as fuel prices rise and major infrastructure projects ramp up, prompting a sharp increase in capital goods imports. However, robust investment will keep Tanzania's external position strong.

  • A wide-reaching programme of infrastructure development will keep Tanzania's fiscal balance in deficit for the next decade. However, authorities are making long-term efforts to broaden the tax base and gas production will come online in 2020, bolstering the outlook...

Tanzania Operational Risk Coverage (9)

Tanzania Operational Risk

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Tanzania is characterised by a moderate level of operational risk by regional standards, reduced by the importance of its maritime connectivity, the high availability of labour, and a diversity of trade and economic opportunities. Further advantages include moderately low labour costs, high primary school education rates, and a wealth of natural gas reserves, though production will not start until 2023. However, Tanzania's limited transport network, cumbersome trade procedures and corruption constrain business operations.

Logistics And Security Risk Weigh On Operating Environment
Tanzania - Operational Risk Scores

Tanzania Crime & Security

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BMI View: Security risks in Tanzania are moderate in comparison to its regional peers, as the country enjoys stable relations with its neighbours and possesses one of the most capable military forces in the region. However, its porous borders elevate the threat of terrorism from regional groups and businesses remain exposed to organised crime and corruption. Tanzania receives a score of 35.6 for Crime and Security Risk, placing it 22nd out of 48 states regionally.

High Crime Rates Elevate Risks To Businesses
Tanzania & SSA Regional...

Tanzania Labour Market

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With one of the most competitive labour markets in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), Tanzania offers a low level of labour risk to investors and businesses. Benefits include flexibility in hiring and firing workers, a high percentage of working-age citizens and women employed in the workforce, and one of the highest primary education net enrolment rates in Africa. However, businesses face a moderate level of risk in the country's educational sector. Despite rapid growth in enrolment rates as well as educational facilities, a scarcity of state funding has constrained the development of secondary and tertiary education, resulting in a limited supply of high-skilled and technical labourers. As a result of these factors, BMI has awarded Tanzania a score of 47.0 out of 100 for Labour Risk, ranking the country eighth regionally.

Although Tanzania has experienced significant growth in the country's secondary and...

Tanzania Logistics

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The greatest risk to investors in Tanzania stems from the country's underperforming transport network, which is preventing the country from fulfilling its role as a gateway for regional trade in East Africa and creating supply chain delays for Tanzania's importers and exporters. While a number of significant projects are under way to improve the existing network, investors in the short term will face port congestion, increasing the cost of imports and exports, and a poor quality of transport infrastructure in internal networks. These factors contribute to the country's uncompetitive score of just 24.1 out of 100 for Transport Network, ranking the country 35th out of 48 countries. This represents the country's lowest score and regional ranking in the BMI Logistics Risk Index.

Tanzania's utilities sector still reflects its status as a developing country, with water shortages,...

Tanzania Trade & Investment

BMI View:

BMI View: Tanzania offers a number of strategic advantages to investors and businesses, including a relatively low level of legal risk, a declining level of government intervention and increasing economic openness. However, firms continue to face challenges in the form of non-tariff trade barriers, widespread corruption and difficulty competing with public sector firms in key economic sectors. As a result, Tanzania receives a score of 36.2 out of 100 for Trade and Investment Risk, ranking 21st regionally after neighbouring Zambia (sixth), Rwanda (ninth), Uganda (12th) and Kenya (16th).

Businesses face the highest degree of trade and investment risk from the Government Intervention pillar, which highlights the limitations of the country...

Tanzania Industry Coverage (13)


Tanzania Agribusiness

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BMI View: The Tanzanian coffee industry will struggle over the medium term, but renewed government support for the sector has provided hope that it can recover over the longer term. The corn industry, meanwhile, will continue to benefit from solid demand from domestic and export markets, while rising income levels will stimulate rice consumption. The Tanzanian sugar sector will see limited production growth in the next few years, largely due to low sugar prices and the fact that Tanzania scores poorly on...


Tanzania Autos

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BMI View: Coming off the back of an estimated 48% contraction in passenger vehicle sales in 2015, growth in the passenger vehicle segment will be driven by increasing regional integration and investments in road networks over our forecast period to 2019. Passenger vehicle sales will average strong annual growth of 20.3% over our forecast period.

Passenger Car And Light Commercial Vehicle Sales
f = BMI forecast. Source: Renault, BMI

Commercial Banking

Tanzania Commercial Banking

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Commercial Banking Sector Indicators
Date Total assets Client loans Bond portfolio Other Liabilities and capital Capital Client deposits

Food & Drink

Tanzania Food & Drink

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BMI View: Private consumption will be the main driver of economic expansion in 2016, contributing 4.3 percentage points to headline growth. As in much of the region, the collapse in oil prices is already being reflected in Tanzania through lower fuel costs, which will contribute to lower inflation in 2015, strengthening consumer purchasing power. The recent elections that brought John Magufuli of the ruling CCM party into power should alleviate some of the uncertainty that gripped Tanzania in the lead up to what turned out to be the most closely contested election ever.



Tanzania Infrastructure

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BMI View: Tanzania's construction sector is forecast to grow 10% y-o-y in 2016 and remain buoyant over our 10-year forecast at an annual average of 9%. The development of critical transport networks, particularly port and rail infrastructure, will be the main driver of growth. The discovery of gas will impact our outlook only beyond 2020. While the government has made an effort to create a favourable environment for foreign investment, this is overshadowed by the incidence of government corruption and the dominance of Chinese firms.

Latest Updates

  • We continue to forecast 10% real growth in Tanzania's construction industry value in 2016, averaging 8.7% over the next five years and 9% over our full 10-year forecast period. The key driver will be the expansion in port and rail...


Tanzania Insurance

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BMI View: Although small by global standards, Tanzania's insurance sector is expected to grow rapidly, with both life and non-life set to record double-digit growth annually, in local currency terms, throughout our forecast period. In the short-term, currency movements against the strengthening US dollar mean we will see a contraction in premiums written when measured in US dollar terms, before the market recovers from 2017 onwards. The market benefits from the presence of well-capitalised regional insurers, as well as large and well-established domestic insurers. Over the longer term, as the market expands and matures, we expect to see more...


Tanzania Mining

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BMI View: Tanzania's gold sector will remain pressured by low gold prices, which will discourage production growth over coming years. Beyond our forecast period to 2020, the country's mining sector could diversify as various miners are looking to invest in the country's nickel, coal and uranium resources.

Tanzania - Mining Industry Value
2014e 2015e 2016f ...

Oil & Gas

Tanzania Oil & Gas

BMI View:

BMI View: Tanzania is a highly prospective, frontier market with a substantial gas resource base and significant underexplored acreage. However, prospects for large, export-led production growth have grown increasingly clouded, due to continued regulatory uncertainty, a global commodities rout and increased saturation of the Asian LNG market. Delays to the proposed Tanzania LNG project could push first exports beyond our 10-year forecast period.

Headline Forecasts (Tanzania 2013-2019)
2013 2014...

Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

Tanzania Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

BMI View:

BMI View: Tanzania is one of a number of Sub-Saharan African countries attempting to achieve universal health coverage through insurance-based models. While low unemployment levels have facilitated a relatively fast uptake of the national health insurance scheme, underlying structural issues will continue to hinder patients' access to essential medicines, particularly in the rural areas. The pharmaceutical market continues to suffer from inefficiencies within its supply chain - a risk that should be heeded by drugmakers operating in the country.

Headline Expenditure Projections

Pharmaceuticals: TZS900bn (USD442mn) in 2015 to an expected TZS1.02trn (USD463mn) in 2016; +13.1% growth in local currency terms and +4.8% in US dollar terms. Forecast...


Tanzania Power

BMI View:

BMI View: Tanzania's electricity generation will more than double from 2016 to 2024, up to a level of 13TWh, through a diverse mix of power plants coming online as the country actively moves away from reliance on hydropower. This ensures the country will suffer less from power cuts as it becomes less vulnerable to drought.

Headline Power Forecasts (Tanzania 2014-2020)
2014e 2015f 2016f 2017f ...


Tanzania Shipping

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BMI View: Tanzania's location on the Indian Ocean enables it to serve as an entrypoint for the landlocked hinterland states of the EAC - namely Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda, and for the DRC additionally. As a result, we expect that Tanzania's shipping sector will continue to enjoy robust growth as it will benefit not only from domestic demand but also that of these states. Real GDP growth in the EAC is set to average more than 6% over the course of our forecast period, and a similar growth rate will be enjoyed by Tanzania itself, and this will drive both container and gross tonnage volumes upwards. At present, the Tanzanian shipping sector is somewhat constrained by the reliance on the port of Dar es Salaam, where development has lagged demand and problems with congestion are a frequent occurrence. However, over the medium term this will...


Tanzania Telecommunications

BMI View:

BMI View: The entrance of Viettel in October 2015 and Tigo's acquisition of Zantel is likely to redistribute the mobile market shares and potentially stimulate growth. Mobile data will continue to grow through 3G and 4G networks. The fixed broadband market will see growth, especially as the TTCL long-term investments begin to bear fruit and the country benefits from TTCL's advanced nationwide fibre-optic network supported by data centres, three active satellites and two commissioned satellites, due to be commissioned soon.

Strong Investment Supports 3G/4G Market Growth


Tanzania Tourism

BMI View:

BMI View : Tanzania's tourism market offers significant growth potential, with the country further developing its reputation as a popular safari destination. Investment by the government in infrastructure is expected to help to support industry growth, while arrivals are set to steadily increase over our five-year forecast period. We do, however, note that some downside risks are present due to the introduction of VAT on all tourism services, which risks reducing arrivals figures....

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