In-depth country-focused analysis on Sweden's economic, political and operational risk environment, complemented by detailed sector insight


Our comprehensive assessment of Sweden's operating environment and the outlook for its leading sectors are formed by bringing together a wealth of data on global markets that affect Sweden, as well as the latest industry developments that could impact Sweden's industries. This unique integrated approach has given us an impeccable track-record for predicting important shifts in the markets, ensuring you’re aware of the latest market opportunities and risks in Sweden before your competitors.

Country Risk

Sweden Country Risk

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Core Views

  • Sweden will remain a growth outperformer among developed states, but the economy is set to cool significantly in 2017-18.

  • The surge in migrant inflows in 2015-16 will lead to higher economic growth over the medium term, but will present challenges to the fiscal accounts, the labour market, and domestic political stability.

  • Interest rates will remain low through 2018 as the central bank (Riksbank) will maintain a negative policy rate and disinflationary conditions will persist. The bank's quantitative easing cycle will be extended.

Major Forecast Changes

  • Our real GDP growth forecasts for 2017-18 are now an average 2.5%, compared with 2.8% previously.

  • We now expect the next Riksbank rate hike to...

Sweden Industry Coverage (11)


Sweden Autos

BMI View:

BMI View: We continue to believe that a growing economy and buoyant consumer confidence will ensure another positive year for Swedish new car sales in 2016, although sales growth may slow from the double-digit expansion seen over 2014 and 2015. We expect 4.8% growth for the sector as a whole, with passenger cars to outperform commercial vehicles.

Passenger Car and Light Commercial Vehicle Sales
f = BMI forecast. Source: BilSweden, BMI


Commercial Banking

Sweden Commercial Banking

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Commercial Banking Sector Indicators
Date Total assets Client loans Bond portfolio Other Liabilities and capital Capital Client deposits

Food & Drink

Sweden Food & Drink

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BMI View: A consumer base with some of the strongest purchasing power in the world, combined with a favourable business and regulatory environment, will continue to be an attractive characteristic for food and drink companies operating in Scandinavia. That said, market concentration and a weak demographic outlook will limit growth for new entrants.

Latest Updates & Industry Developments

  • Throughout our forecast period to 2020, household spending will experience healthy growth in the Nordics, given...

Information Technology

Sweden Information Technology

BMI View:

BMI View: We forecast IT spending in Sweden will increase at a CAGR of 4.2% throughout 2016-2020, reaching a total of SEK154.9bn. Swedish enterprises have traditionally been high spenders on IT and early adopters of the latest technologies. We expect this characteristic to be repeated with cloud and Internet of Things solutions. This software and services demand from enterprises will drive growth throughout the medium term and compensate for the weaker outlook in the hardware segment, where PC market saturation means growth potential is more limited.



Sweden Infrastructure

BMI View:

BMI View: A booming housing market, a strong major project pipeline, especially in rail transport and social infrastructure, backed by committed government spending make Sweden an attractive investment destination. Yet risks abound: the housing market is overheating, economic growth is cooling and Brexit is likely to hinder growth and demand in its key regional trading partners.

Latest Updates And Structural Trends

  • Sweden's construction industry is booming and easily outperforming the majority of developed states globally. We have significantly upgraded our 2016 and 2017 construction sector growth forecasts: from a previous 6.3% in 2016 and 5.6% in 2017, we now forecast 10.8% in 2016 and 7.6% in 2017.

  • ...


Sweden Insurance

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BMI View: The insurance industry in Sweden is well developed - particularly the large life insurance market. In both the life and non-life sectors, the industry is highly competitive with domestic and regional providers dominating and leaving limited scope for new entrants. We do expect premiums to grow steadily over the coming years, based on our expectations for wider economic growth in the country as well as drives by providers to expand product offerings and distribution channels to further increase coverage. While some risk stems from regional economic uncertainty, overall the outlook for Sweden's insurance market remains positive.

Headline Insurance Forecasts (Sweden 2013-2020)
2013 ...

Medical Devices

Sweden Medical Devices

BMI View:

BMI Industry View: The medical device market is expected to experience moderate growth in local currency terms over the 2014-2019 period, although growth in US dollar terms will be constrained by a depreciation of the Swedish krona against the US dollar, which will result in a downturn in 2015 before the market returns to growth from 2016. While Sweden has a strong medical device manufacturing industry including a number of major international companies, the majority of domestically produced medical devices are exported, leaving the domestic market heavily reliant on imports.

Headline Industry Forecasts

  • We forecast the medical device market will grow at a CAGR of 2.7% in US dollar terms over the next five years, rising from USD2.5bn in 2014 to USD2.9bn in 2019. The low dollar growth rate reflects the falling value of the Swedish krona...

Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

Sweden Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

BMI View:

BMI View: Declining government reimbursement for prescription medicines and the promotion of lower-value generic medicines does not bode well for innovative drugmakers selling their products in Sweden, particularly as the government is the primary purchaser of pharmaceuticals. Over the long term, pushing costs onto a population with fewer young people to financially support the elderly will ultimately work to reduce the consumption of higher-value innovative pharmaceuticals.

Headline Expenditure Projections

  • Pharmaceuticals: SEK39.50bn (USD4.68bn) in 2015 to SEK39.69bn (USD4.67bn) in 2016; +0.48% in local currency terms and -0.4% in US dollar terms.

  • Healthcare: SEK376.26bn (USD44.62bn) in 2015 to SEK385.99bn (USD45.39bn) in 2016; +2.6% in local currency...


Sweden Power

BMI View:

BMI View: As the Government continues to struggle to identify a solution to its lack of sufficient baseload capacity once nuclear comes offline, our forecasts for the sector remain virtually unchanged. Taking into account positive macroeconomic expectations for the Nordic region as well as sector trends, we continue to expect power consumption growth in 2017. Similarly, we maintain our long-held view that, while growth expectations in the region are improving, economic woes in the eurozone and the implications of the decision of Brexit remain a...


Sweden Telecommunications

BMI View:

BMI View: Telia Sweden is zero-rating social network usage (from Facebook, Instagram, Messenger, WhatsApp, Twitter and Kik) on its mobile network, meaning use of these sites will not count towards customers' data allowances, with no financial relationship between Telia and the social network companies. However, the free usage is contingent on the user behaving well on social networks, as Telia is concomitantly launching an anti-bullying campaign. While this will not have a high impact on Telia's network, its impact on the market will also be limited as social networking represents a only small part of data traffic.



Sweden Tourism

BMI View:

BMI View: Sweden has a small but active tourism industry, attracting visitors from a range of regional and international markets. While much of the tourism industry is concentrated in Stockholm - which also boasts the most developed transport and accommodation infrastructure - tourism to other regions in the country is growing, and we are seeing more investment in second tier cities where there are greater opportunities for growth in a less competitive environment. Arrivals are expected to increase slowly over the medium term and the market will remain one of the smallest in the region, vulnerable to declines in both the eurozone and neighbouring Scandinavian states.


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