In-depth country-focused analysis on Sweden's economic, political and operational risk environment, complemented by detailed sector insight

Our comprehensive assessment of Sweden's operating environment and the outlook for its leading sectors are formed by bringing together a wealth of data on global markets that affect Sweden, as well as the latest industry developments that could impact Sweden's industries. This unique integrated approach has given us an impeccable track-record for predicting important shifts in the markets, ensuring you’re aware of the latest market opportunities and risks in Sweden before your competitors.

Country Risk

Sweden Country Risk

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Core Views

  • Sweden's status as an open trade-oriented economy means that its growth prospects will depend heavily upon a continued recovery in the rest of Europe.

  • The coalition government led by the Social Democrats that was elected in September 2014 is in a precarious position due to its minority status in parliament, as highlighted by the defeat of the government's budget in December that nearly led to a snap election in March 2015.

  • Interest rates will remain low through 2016 as the central bank (Riksbank) will maintain a negative policy rate and disinflationary conditions will persist.

Major Forecast Changes

  • We have raised our forecast for real GDP growth in 2015 to 2.7% from 2.4% previously. For 2016, we have downgraded our...

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Sweden Industry Coverage (11)


Sweden Autos

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BMI View: BMI maintains a bullish view on vehicle sales in Sweden, based on a strong rebound from low base effects due weak sales in 2013, pent-up demand following sustained declines in recent years, and a broad recovery in the economy. The primary driver of this growth is the passenger car segment, which we expect to increase 18% in 2014. We also expect to see a strong recovery in the country's commercial vehicle (CV) segment, and we forecast a 15% over the full year.

We expect this strong growth to continue into 2015, and we forecast 7.1% growth in total vehicle sales. The moderation in the rate of increase comes from higher base effects following the surge in sales volumes in 2014.

BMI expect to see a marked increase in Sweden's vehicle production in 2014. Much of this is driven by strong export growth, primarily...

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Food & Drink

Sweden Food & Drink

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BMI View: The Nordics consumer outlook remains gloomy, as the countries are expected to feel the negative effects of the slowdown in Russia and the eurozone. In 2015, real GDP growth in each country is not expected to exceed 2.4%. Heavy household debt loads will continue to curb private consumption in Denmark and Norway, while Sweden and Finland will suffer from relatively high and sticky unemployment levels.

Key Forecasts


  • Food consumption (local currency) growth in 2015: +3.6%; compound annual growth rate (CAGR) 2014-2019: +4.5%

  • ...

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Information Technology

Sweden Information Technology

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BMI View: Due to maturity, Swedish IT market growth will be slower than some of the other markets in the region, but nonetheless BMI forecasts compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.1% over 2014-2019 for the sector. The market will remain highly lucrative and there are many positives including a strong local system of software firms and the coverage and capacity of supporting data network infrastructure. Meanwhile, we identify data centres, cloud computing and real-time business software and services as medium-term growth trends in Sweden. We also highlight the potential for Sweden to be a leading adopter of labour saving smart automation and assistant technologies as a result of high...

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Sweden Infrastructure

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BMI View: Following substantial growth of 9.5% in Sweden's construction industry value in 2014, we expect to see lower but still healthy growth of 6.3% in 2015 as the sector continues to benefit from a robust residential infrastructure market and a slight increase in government spending. Throughout the remainder of the forecast period, growth is expected to be more subdued at an average annual rate of 2.6% as Sweden's economic outlook is impacted by weak demand from the eurozone.

Key Trends And Developments

  • The transport network is the focus of investment under the 2014-2025 national infrastructure plan, with USD80bn allocated for transport network improvements, including USD13bn on railways and USD24bn on national roads. It remains to be seen what impact the results of the September 2014...

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Sweden Insurance

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BMI View: Sweden's insurance market is one of the most developed in Europe. It is also one of the most mature markets, with penetration and density both high relative to other Western European countries. The insurance market has remained relatively resilient to the effect of the global economic crisis, particular in the case of the life insurance segment which remains supported by the country's extremely high household savings rate. The insurance market as a whole has proved a happy hunting ground for both local and multinational insurers, while there has been increasing cross-over from other...

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Medical Devices

Sweden Medical Devices

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BMI Industry View: The medical device market is expected to experience moderate growth in local currency terms over the forecast period but growth in US dollar terms will be constrained by a depreciation of the Swedish krona against the US dollar. Although Sweden has a strong medical device manufacturing industry including a number of major international companies, the majority of domestically produced medical devices are exported, leaving the domestic market heavily dependent on imports.

Headline Industry Forecasts

  • The medical device market in 2013 was estimated at USD2,541.1mn, equal to USD265 per capita, and equivalent to 4.8% of total health expenditure, 0.4% of GDP...

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Sweden Metals

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BMI View : The recent financial results reported by Sweden's largest steel producer, SSAB , are further evidence of an improving operating environment. After six consecutive quarters of negative results, the company returned to profitability in the first quarter of 2014 and has since shown further improvement in terms of its financial performance. The producer reported sales of SEK13.31bn (USD1.81bn) in Q314, up from SEK8.7bn (USD) in Q313. The firm posted operating profit, excluding items affecting comparability, of SEK510mn (USD69.31mn), operating cash flow of SEK77mn (USD10.46mn) and EBITDA of SEK1.25bn (USD169.86mn) in the reported quarter. 

The recovery in SSAB's financial performance chimes with the stabilisation in Sweden's overall steel production volumes following the significant...

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Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

Sweden Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare


Sweden Power

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BMI View: This quarter we have extended our forecast to 2024. This notwithstanding, we maintain our long-held view that, while growth expectations in the region are improving, economic woes in the eurozone remain a major risk factor for the consumption and generation outlook of the three Nordic countries, as more regional instability could undermine their economic activity. In terms of sector trends, we note that Denmark...

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Sweden Renewables

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BMI View: This quarter we have extended our forecast to 2024. This notwithstanding, our projections for non-hydropower renewable energy generation in Denmark, Finland and Sweden are largely unchanged, as our fundamental assumption for the Nordic markets considered in the report remain unvaried. Key projects in the region continue to progress in line with our expectations, with Denmark's progressive loss of its energy self-sufficient status likely to lead the country to a greater focus on the prompt development of renewables. We also note that Sweden's possible phase-out of nuclear energy could jeopardise the reliability of the system, while pushing the country towards a larger share of renewable generation.

Key Trends And Developments

  • The incoming Social Democrats and Green Party in Sweden have announced a coalition...

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Sweden Telecommunications