Our comprehensive assessment of Slovenia's operating environment and the outlook for its leading sectors are formed by bringing together a wealth of data on global markets that affect Slovenia, as well as the latest industry developments that could impact Slovenia's industries. This unique integrated approach has given us an impeccable track-record for predicting important shifts in the markets, ensuring you’re aware of the latest market opportunities and risks in Slovenia before your competitors.

Slovenia Country Risk

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Core Views

  • The short-term economic outlook has improved in light of accelerating household consumption and robust external demand, though structural problems will continue to weigh on domestic demand.

  • Short-term fiscal stability has been largely restored after two years of impressive deficit reduction, though more consolidation is required to tackle a precariously high public debt load and set public finances on a sustainable long-term trajectory.

  • After the snap elections of 2013/2014, the country is enjoying a return to short-term political stability, though we note that the governing coalition could come under more strain as the 2018 elections come into view.

Major Forecast Changes

  • We have lowered our forecast for average inflation in 2016 to -0.1...

Slovenia Operational Risk Coverage (9)

Slovenia Operational Risk

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BMI View: Slovenia's strong education system, with high levels of enrolment at all levels, suggests businesses stand to benefit from a solid level of skilled labour availability among the country's workforce. Furthermore, Slovenia's membership of the EU denotes access to a large regional workforce without visa restrictions. Somewhat offsetting these benefits, however, are the high labour taxes and limited labour market flexibility which increase operational costs in the country. As such, we have given Slovenia a score of 56.4 out of 100 on the...

Slovenia Crime & Security

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BMI View: Slovenia presents investors with limited risks from a crime and security perspective. The country is generally considered one of the safest in the region with low violent crime rates and benefits from a highly capable and reliable police force. Financial crime is a potential risk area, particularly in conjunction with the high levels of corruption in government which creates the need for additional due diligence. Overall, the low crime rates combined with a lack of domestic terrorism threat and strong regional relations give Slovenia a high score 79.6 out of 100 on the BMI Crime and Security Risk Index. This places the country first out of the 31 Emerging Europe region states and 19th out of 201 states on a global basis.

Competitive Security Climate Vulnerable To Marginally Higher Risk Of Business Crime
Slovenia &...

Slovenia Labour Market

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Slovenia's labour market supports the country's business environment due to its highly educated workforce and access to the labour pool of 27 European states. Reforms are currently underway at the tertiary level to address the skills shortage stemming from low graduation rates in science and engineering. However, high labour costs offer the most significant detraction to investing in Slovenia, and serve to depress its score of 59.6 out of 100 in the Labour Market Risk Index, placing it ninth out of 30 emerging European countries, in between Lithuania and Latvia, and 42 nd globally, just above Saudi Arabia.

Solid labour availability boosts Slovenia's overall position in the Labour Market Risks Index. Its regional outperformance in this category is underlined by a sizeable labour force with strong basic skills. In addition, female labour participation rates are high by regional standards, which expand the talent and size of Slovenia'...

Slovenia Logistics

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BMI View: Extensive investment across the transport network over recent years means that Slovenia offers a broad range of supply chain options, ensuring the country is well connected with its key trading partners throughout Europe. The country's utilities infrastructure is also well developed and businesses will benefit from the lack of trade bureaucracy, which ensures speedy transit times. Detracting from these positive factors is the relatively high cost of fuel and electricity, which makes the country less competitive on a regional basis. Overall, Slovenia scores 65.1 out of 100 on the BMI Logistics Risk Index, which...

Slovenia Trade & Investment

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Slovenia faces few trade and investment risks for investors due to its relatively open economy and harmonization of EU regulations. The major risks to trade are posed by the lack of available credit in the banking sector and underdeveloped capital markets. However, the government offers attractive financial incentives to certain industries. In addition, stable institutions and low levels of corruption help to further mitigate these risks. Slovenia's outperformance across the three pillars in the Trade and Investment Risk Index is reflected by its overall score of 70.9 out of 100, placing it fifth regionally after the Estonia, Lithuania, Hungary, and Cyprus and 18th th out of 170 countries worldwide.

Slovenia is a relatively open country for economic activity, due to its market-oriented economy and tariff-free access to the markets of its 26 EU peers. However, risk to investors is posed by the absence of a formal FDI strategy and...

Slovenia Industry Coverage (14)

Slovenia Autos

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Key Views

  • Passenger car sales have been outperforming commercial vehicles against a positive macroeconomic backdrop in 2015.

  • A spate of new model launches from leading carmakers has also provided clear impetus to the local passenger car market across 2015.

  • For 2016, we are expecting commercial vehicle sales to outperform passenger car sales, as companies look towards fleet renewal.

  • Slovenia is becoming an ever more important production centre for the European market, with output up by 50.8% over H115, at 73,647 passenger cars.

  • Renault subsidiary Revoz will remain the dominant automaker in Slovenia over our forecast period to 2019.

  • Slovenia is also home to a well-developed auto parts supply chain,...

Slovenia Commercial Banking

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Commercial Banking Sector Indicators
Date Total assets Client loans Bond portfolio Other Liabilities and capital Capital Client deposits

Slovenia Defence & Security

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BMI View: As a result of Slovenia's limited external and internal security threats, as well as its weak economy, the country's defence sector is small on a regional comparison. Although Prime Minister Miro Cerar has announced that his government is committed to raising military spending - and despite an improvement in economic conditions from 2016 onwards - we do not expect the defence budget to grow significantly over our forecast period to 2019, as the country will remain relatively secure, and with Ljubljana continuing to direct the majority of funding towards socio-economic development. Meanwhile, the Slovenian...

Slovenia Food & Drink

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BMI View: We forecast positive growth in Slovenia's food and drink industry, led by the mass grocery retail sector growing by 4.8% over our five-year forecast to 2019. Growth will be supported by the increasing trend of acquisitions seen across the industry. In 2014 and 2015, a number of foreign players bought majority stake in local companies and we expect the trend to continue into 2016. The acquisitions will allow for decreased prices as companies benefit from economies of scale. However, overall food consumption growth will be subdued, underperforming other categories.


Slovenia Freight Transport

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BMI View: In 2016, Slovenia's freight sector will witness strong growth across the board as the improved economic outlook for the eurozone will stimulate demand for Slovenian exports and improved domestic consumption will drive a recovery in imports. Air and road freight will post the strongest growth rates, at 7.2% and 5.6% respectively, as they will benefit directly from rising import levels. Meanwhile, rail freight growth will remain constrained by difficulties to find investors for infrastructure expansion, a trend which we believe will continue over the medium term.

We forecast the...

Slovenia Information Technology

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BMI View: A stronger economic environment should boost the growth dynamic in Slovenia's IT market over the medium term as households recover lost purchasing power and enterprise sentiment strengthens. We consider the enterprise software and services markets to be positioned for the strongest growth as investment in cloud and data analytics solutions picks up - while the hardware segment has a more mixed outlook. Purchasing power growth is a positive, but there is potential for PC sales to be cannibalised by smartphones where the use case for small-screen tablets is being rapidly undermined by phablets. Nonetheless, we expect all three segments to record faster growth from 2016 and we forecast total IT spending growth at a CAGR of 4.0%...

Slovenia Infrastructure

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BMI View: After five years of industry contraction, the construction sector is once again growing since 2014, along with the economic recovery of the country. A slowly recovering economy, lower unemployment and rising consumer confidence will provide a moderate increase for residential and non-residential construction. While Slovenia's transport sector dominates the country's infrastructure industry, we highlight the rising importance of gas interconnector projects in the energy and utilities sub-sector as some of the most important infrastructure projects going forward. These will receive EU funding related to diversifying energy sources and limiting Russian gas dependence.

We expect the Slovenian construction industry will grow moderately over the forecast period to 2025, at an average annual rate of 5.03%.


Slovenia Insurance

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BMI View: We hold a positive outlook for the Slovenian insurance industry sector as a whole in 2016. We believe that the life insurance segment has historically witnessed subdued growth, due to competition from traditional savings outlets, the banking and the real estate sector. Nevertheless, we believe that growth in the life segment will outpace growth in the non-life segment as the population begins to age and insurers look to target their audience. However, the overall size of the life market makes it a very small one in comparison. Growth in the life segment, on the other hand, will begin to cool down over historical levels but we believe that the motor vehicle and health insurance lines will continue to dominate the non-life landscape...

Slovenia Medical Devices

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BMI View: We expect the Slovenian medical device market to grow by a 2014-2019 CAGR of 0.7%, with growth hindered by slow economic recovery and weak import performance in US dollar terms. Slovenia is heavily reliant on imported medical devices as domestic production is characterised by small, specialised manufacturers, many of which engage in exports, principally to neighbouring countries.


Slovenia Oil & Gas

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B MI View: Slovenia's upstream sector remains close to inexistent, with little to no oil or gas production within our forecast period. While there are glimmers of hope in gas segment attributed to the Ascent-operated Petisovci tight gas project, the initiative is facing continued regulatory and funding headwinds, thereby informing our modest upstream outlook. We acknowledge upside risk to our forecast in the event of its start-up, however, overall volumes are likely to be relatively modest, with imported Russian gas set to dominate supply for the foreseeable future.

Headline Forecasts (Slovenia 2013-2019)

Slovenia Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

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BMI View: Much like those of its Western European neighbours, Slovenia's health profile is dominated by non-communicable diseases, which pose a great burden and provide opportunities for innovative drugmakers. However, despite an attractive epidemiological profile, the country's small population and market size will somewhat act as a deterrent to any major investment from multinationals.

Headline Expenditure Projections

  • Pharmaceuticals: EUR671mn (USD745mn) in 2015 to EUR656mn (USD702mn) in 2016; -2.2% in local currency terms and -5.7% in US dollar terms. Forecasts revised downwards compared to previous quarter.

  • Healthcare: EUR3.44bn (USD3.82bn) in...

Slovenia Retail

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BMI View: Slovenia is on track to register a strong year for both its economy and the retail sector. We expect euro value of total household spending to expand by 2.3% this year, an acceleration from both of the preceding years. Declining unemployment and rising wages in public and private sectors will ensure stable growth in household income, which will in turn boost non-essentials spending. On the other hand, the government could face challenges in preserving medium-term growth, as it is expected to stabilise the rises in minimum wages and privatise the banks its owns.

Headline Household Spending

Slovenia Telecommunications

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BMI View: The Slovenian market has undergone major consolidation measures in 2016 with Si.mobil acquiring Amis and Telemach acquiring Tus mobil. Furthermore, T-2, a fixed line operator remains in receivership and both operators are eyeing its prospective purchase. Furthermore, the sale of state-owned telecoms giant Telekom Slovenia remains incomplete as the government looks to find a buyer. We believe these consolidation measures will lead to heated competition and a quicker uptake of 3G and 4G LTE services. We have revised our 3G and 4G LTE uptake forecast in light of the new consolidation measures and are now forecasting a higher percentage of 3G and 4G enabled phones to penetrate the market quicker. The country's relatively high income levels have led to it having the highest ARPU and postpaid subscription mix in the region, backed by growth...

Slovenia Tourism

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BMI View: Slovenia's tourism sector is expected to expand throughout our forecast period, supported by increasing arrivals and growing receipts. This will support the value of the hotel and restaurant industry, creating room for expansion. Strong campaigns by the government and the country's tourism board continue to promote Slovenia to regional source markets and those further afield. A strong emphasis on 'green' and sustainable tourism is expected to boost the country's recognisability.

Over 2016 we expect a steady uptick in arrivals, supported by the government's and tourism board's continuous efforts to promote the country to the region. This trend is further boosted by Slovenia's eurozone membership, which facilitates the ease of...

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