The Philippines is a promising country, offering significant potential to investors. Its exports are moving away from agriculture towards higher value manufactured goods. The country has a virtually untapped mineral-rich south, which could be more accessible if political progress in the region continues on the right track.
Our coverage – using our unique Total Analysis model – ensures that our clients make well-informed investment decisions in the Philippines. Our teams keep them informed of the latest market moves and political developments as part of our 'top-down' and 'bottom-up' perspective. We also provide in-depth analysis of the Philippines’ 21 most important industries. Our winning combination of interactive data and forecasting, alongside our risk-assessed and results-proven analysis, will ensure that you, as one of our clients, are always one step ahead in the Philippines.
Philippines Country Risk
* Real GDP growth in the Philippines accelerated from 6.0% y-o-y in Q315 to 6.3% in Q415, as the booming construction sector continued to power the economy forward. Domestic resilience should persist, informing our expectations for the Philippine economy to remain on a sound footing despite ongoing external challenges. Accordingly, we are forecasting real GDP growth to come in at 6.0% and 5.9% in 2016 and 2017, respectively.
* We retain our expectations for the Bangko Sentral Pilipinas (BSP) to keep its benchmark interest rate on hold at 4.00% throughout 2016, as the balance between modest inflation and strong growth remains ideal. Risks to this forecast are roughly in balance, including a prolonged and worse than expected El Nino (which could potentially lead to rate hikes to curb inflationary pressures) and a stagnation in growth as a result of political risk, which could lead the...
Philippines Operational Risk Coverage (9)
Philippines Operational Risk
Philippines Operational Risk
BMI View: The geographic composition of the Philippines as a country comprising a range of islands across a large area, offers both considerable logistics difficulties, as well as some advantages, for investors. On the one hand, transport and utilities networks are disjointed and vary island by island, and generally require considerable investment in order to meet the needs of supply chains and industries. On the other hand, reliance on maritime trade has resulted in the development of excellent connections to global trade routes, which significantly reduces lead times and costs for exporters and importers. However, port congestion remains a major concern, and we highlight that inadequacies in the internal logistics network, which are exacerbated by extreme weather events, continue to pose risks to supply chains and business...
Philippines Crime & Security
Philippines Crime & Security
The Philippines poses considerable security threats to international investors, and we hold a generally bearish outlook in regards to criminal, terrorism, and interstate conflict risks.
Petty crimes, particularly those to the person, remain a pertinent issue in the Philippines, affecting both locals and foreign tourists and business travellers. Organised crime is also an issue, with foreign criminal gangs, particularly from China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan, operating in the country. As with most countries of the world, but especially emerging markets, official crime statistics understate the true level of crime. The Philippine National Police (PNP) is limited in its capacity to respond and assist victims of crime due to a lack of response vehicles, radios, and other essential equipment. Moreover, corruption is a major problem in the Philippines. According to Transparency International's Global Corruption Index, 69% of Filipinos consider the...
Philippines Labour Market
Philippines Labour Market
The Philippines is a country with huge potential to be one of the premier destinations as a market for labour, with a large population and growing pool of educated workers. However, it frequently underperforms the rest of the Asia region across a number of indicators in our Labour Market Risk Index, with competitive labour market countries such as India able to undercut its low minimum wages to attract investors. Overall the Philippines scores a total Labour Market Risk ranking of 47.2 out of 100 in our Labour Market Risk Index.
One area in which The Philippines looks set to perform well is through its high production of English-speaking, science, engineering and ICT graduates, which has resulted in an a boom in companies looking to outsource work to the Philippines, preferring the accent of Filipino-English speakers to that of the Indian accent. Unemployment and underemployment remains high, with a potentially large pool of workers available...
Two of the worst risks facing incoming businesses are the limited reliability and comparatively high costs for utilities and fuel, and the inadequate and poorly maintained transport networks. However, these risks are mitigated by the comparative ease of trading to and from the Philippines, and the limited costs and bureaucracy which make the country an attractive destination for companies reliant on imports or focused on trade. With an overall score of 55.7 out of 100, placing it in 16th place regionally in our Logistics Risk Index, it is clear that there are a number of detrimental factors increasing the operational risks facing potential investors and businesses considering entering the Philippines.
We believe that with greater reform and investor awareness, the Philippines may fulfil its potential in South East Asia in the near future. Private consumption growth will follow investment growth, resulting in an increase in containerised goods...
Philippines Trade & Investment
Philippines Trade & Investment
BMI believes that there are a number of trade opportunities in the Philippines, but highlight that risks remain fairly pertinent. The country scores 43.7 out of 100 in our Trade And Investment Risk ranking, placing it in 15th position out of its 29 Asian peers. This puts the Philippines just ahead of Vietnam and Kiribati, but behind Fiji and China.
While the Philippines still lags behind its regional peers in terms of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows, we believe that the country will soon catch up, owing to its strong macroeconomic fundamentals, an ongoing improvement in its business environment, a possible relaxation of its foreign ownership rules which could act as a catalyst, and its increasingly stable political climate.
The country's banking sector outlook is relatively positive, as we expect healthy demand for loans, combined with steady remittance inflows, improving governance, and...
Philippines Industry Coverage (23)
BMI View: We hold a positive view on the Philippines' agribusiness sector in the long term, given the country's potential for expansion into new sectors, such as palm oil. We particularly like the outlook for sugar production and believe the livestock sector will continue to show healthy growth rates. The Philippines' vast consumption market, along with strong government support, will foster domestic and foreign investment and favour output expansion. However, backyard farming and infrastructure problems, especially transport costs, will continue to hamper the sector's growth. These inefficiencies will become increasingly crippling as South...
BMI View: We expect 2016 to be another year of strong vehicle sales, with forecast growth of 23.6%. Growth will be driven by robust domestic demand in the economy, weak inflation and a favourable interest rate environment.
|Strong Growth Momentum to Continue|
|Philippines - Vehicle Sales By Segment, Units|
|f=BMI forecast. Source: AAF, BMI|
Robust domestic demand which is driving economic growth will bode well for vehicle sales.
Philippines Commercial Banking
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Philippines Consumer Electronics
BMI View: The Philippines consumer electronics market has strong growth prospects over the medium term as incomes rise, enabling vendors to tap into the opportunity presented by relatively low device penetration rates. Our positive outlook is based on our Country Risk team's view for robust and broad based income growth, which will both deepen the market as households acquire sufficient disposable income for the first time, and ease price sensitivity as the middle class expands. We forecast the overall market will grow at a CAGR of 6.8% 2016-2020 to reach USD9.2bn in 2019. While the core scenario is for strong growth, there is downside due to regional economic uncertainties that could undermine device demand...
Defence & Security
Philippines Defence & Security
BMI View: Rising tensions with China have seen the Philippines significantly increase defence spending with the aim of revamping their military assets. Relations with China have further deteriorated following territorial disputes in early 2014. In addition, the Southeast Asian country is facing new internal threats by insurgent groups, especially Abu Sayyaf. These developments will therefore drive an increase in budget allocation towards defence spending by the government, which will reach USD3.4bn in 2015. The lack of a clear strategic defence spending policy, however, and the under-developed domestic defence manufacturing sector, will open up opportunities for international companies but limit them within the country.
Food & Drink
Philippines Food & Drink
BMI View: Sustained private consumption growth, combined with a young and sizeable consumer base, will drive sales of food and drink throughout our forecast period to 2019. Nonetheless, operational challenges, combined with the huge dominance of San Miguel Corporation, continue to hold back foreign investment, thereby hampering sector dynamism.
Headline Industry Data (local currency)
2015 food consumption (local currency) growth: +4.9%; compound annual growth rate (CAGR), 2014 to 2019 = +5.8%.
2015 alcoholic drinks sales (local currency) growth = +5.8%; CAGR to 2019= +6.5%.
2015 soft drinks sales (local currency) growth = +8.6%; CAGR to 2019 = +7.7%.
2015 mass grocery retail sales (local currency) growth = +6.6%; CAGR to 2019 = +6.5...
Philippines Freight Transport
BMI View: Overall, 2016 will be a year of mixed growth across the Philippine freight transport industry, with air freight set for a robust expansion, while road haulage will be more sedate. External headwinds will weigh on exports, but strong domestic demand and investment should support continued volume growth.
The outlook for the Philippines' trade remains mixed, in large part due to a sedate regional environment which is impacting upon demand from the country's major neighbouring trade partners. Deteriorating regional demand conditions will weigh on export performance in the Philippines, acting as a drag on the Philippine economy and adding downside pressure on the peso. Mounting concerns over the Chinese economy following the People's Bank of China (PBOC)'s cumulative...
Philippines Freight Transport
BMI View: We expect strong growth across most of the Philippines' freight transport sector in 2016. The relatively underdeveloped air and rail freight sectors will outperform, although growth in road freight - which is far more developed - will be slow at just 2.1%. Slowing growth in key regional trade partners presents a challenge, but this will be offset by strong domestic demand and increasing regional integration through the ASEAN network.
The Philippine economy expanded at a 6.3% y-o-y pace in Q415, taking full-year real GDP growth to 5.8%. The result was slightly higher than our forecast for a 5.7% expansion, and speaks to the Philippines' underlying domestic resilience in the face of an increasingly difficult external environment. We retain a constructive view on the Philippine economy over the medium-term, and maintain our forecast for a 6.0% expansion in 2016 as fiscal...
Philippines Information Technology
BMI View: A strong economic outlook, and specifically a migration of households up the income scale, are expected to add momentum to the Philippine IT market over the medium term and we forecast a CAGR of 10.6% over 2016-2020 to a total value of PHP314.08bn in 2020. We consider the Philippines to have the potential to outperform in the Asia Pacific alongside other markets with relatively low exposure to depressed commodities markets such as Vietnam and India. We also have a positive assessment of industry development potential, particularly for business process and software development outsourcing, but the electronics industry has a slightly less bright outlook.
BMI View: The positive outlook for Philippines' construction sector is supported by growth in public construction activity as the government's Public-Private Partnership programme gains traction, as well as sustained momentum in private construction activity. The upcoming elections in 2016 will weigh on construction activity.
Latest Updates And Structural Trends
Our outlook for the Philippines construction industry remains positive and we forecast real growth of 8.5% and 8.7% in 2016 and 2017 respectively.
We expect a relatively stable monetary policy to provide a favourable environment for potential homeowners and developers. This is reflected in our forecast, which expects the residential and non-residential building industry to expand at an average annual pace of 8.3% between 2016 and 2025 (compared to 6.4% for the...
BMI View: We retain our positive view of the Philippines' insurance sector, which offers significant growth potential. Life insurance should benefit from higher household incomes. Good pricing power on the part of property insurers (and increased volumes) will drive growth in that sub-sector and for the non-life segment as a whole. Both the life and the non-life segments should benefit from the generally favourable economic environment.
Philippines Medical Devices
BMI View: We expect the Philippines medical device market to achieve a solid 8% growth per annum to 2019 with modernisation projects for hospitals and other healthcare facilities being the key driver of growth. Much of this demand will continue to be met by imports and it is worth noting that these will continue to vary by region, with the capital and surrounding areas still providing the best prospects for growth.
|Total (USDmn)||Per Capita (USD)||Total (Local Currency mn)...|
BMI View: Mining output in the Philippines will continue to be severely affected by softening of Chinese demand for key mined metals, including nickel, copper and gold. Weakness in global prices for these minerals will deter investment in Philippines mining in the short-term; however, we maintain that the industry is well positioned for longer term growth as foreign miners look to take advantage of the country's sizeable and relatively untapped deposits, as well as low operating costs.
Oil & Gas
Philippines Oil & Gas
BMI View: The Philippines is set to remain a net importer of crude oil and refined products over the next 10 years, on account of insufficient production and rising demand. The introduction of Euro-IV fuels standard nationwide will increase demand for higher-quality fuels, such as gasoline, low-sulphur diesel, LPG and petrochemicals products. The impending start-up of Pagbilao LNG in 2016 will allow for the country to begin first LNG trade, paving the way for greater gas use in the power, industrial and residential sectors.
Basic chemicals output reported strong growth in 2015 as a result of increasing output at JG Summit Petrochemicals Corporation's new cracker complex. Although plastic and rubber also reported increases in output volumes, this did not raise the value of production, as lower naphtha prices were transferred through the product chain in a saturated market.
In the first nine months of 2015, the value of basic chemicals output soared 44.7% as production grew at the Philippines' new cracker, which has capacities of 320,000 tonnes per annum (tpa) of ethylene, 189,000tpa propylene, 218,000tpa of pyrolysis (biomass) gasoline, 150,000tpa of fuel gas and 28,000tpa of fuel oil. The cracker unit is feeding a 185,000tpa polypropylene plant and a 300,000tpa polyethylene plant.
The Bataan Refinery upgrade 2 project also came into full operation in Q215 with a new fluid catalytic cracker unit,...
Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare
Philippines Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare
BMI View: The relative distribution of diseases in the Philippines will remain favourable for multinational drugmakers. Chronic conditions such as cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes will drive demand for healthcare services and medicines. Access to medicines will be strengthened by the continued expansion of universal healthcare in the country. However, price caps on high-value medicines and poor intellectual property protection continue to limit commercial opportunities for innovative drug manufacturers.
Headline Expenditure Projections
Pharmaceuticals: PHP150.4bn (USD3.3bn) in 2015, rising to PHP156.3bn (USD3.3bn) in 2016; +3.9% in local currency terms and -1.3% in US...
BMI View: We expect robust growth in the power sector in the Philippines, with total generation expected to expand by an average of 4.8% during our 10-year forecast period to 2025. With recovery from the 2013 typhoon gathering pace, reasonable domestic economic growth and a range of new projects being announced, overall the future is looking positive for the Philippine power market.
Philippines Real Estate
BMI View : The Philippine economy has remained resilient in the face of the Chinese economic slowdown and falling global demand. Strong local consumption, supported by rising employment and incomes, ensures that the economy remains on a growth trajectory and that the outlook for commercial real estate remains bright. In particular, the office and retail segments should provide opportunities for new players.
We forecast real GDP growth of 6% in 2016, up from 5.7% 2015, amid higher government spending that will spur activity in the private sector. The economy also benefits from remittances from Filipinos working overseas and the thriving local business process outsourcing (BPO) industry. However, external challenges come from the slowing Chinese economy, a looming rise in interest rates, the stronger US dollar and weaker Chinese yuan, which will dampen investor appetite....
BMI View: Renewable energy continues to be a key strategy in the government's fight against climate change. As one of the five major investors in geothermal energy, we believe this sector to be largely saturated providing strong investment potentials elsewhere, particularly in the wind and solar segments, backed up by governmental FiT programmes. We therefore expect these two sectors to carry the bulk of non-hydro renewable growth in our forecast up until 2024. Forecast expansion rates are, however, undermined by several obstacles related to an inadequate national grid, a volatile-business environment and a strong market dynamic for cheaper coal power paired with high electricity prices that have led to a lack in political commitment to follow through on ambitious renewables targets.
BMI View: Despite external economic headwinds, we believe the Philippines will sustain its strong GDP growth rate in 2016, driven by robust private consumption. The Philippines households will benefit from rapid wage growth, large and stable inflows of remittances as well as expanding consumer credit market. That said, consumer spending will remain largely concentrated on essential goods and services, as the overall levels of income are still very low, especially in the country's rural areas.
|Headline Household Spending|
|e/f = BMI estimaet/forecast. Source: BMI,...|
BMI View: We anticipate 2016 to be a good year for the Philippines' port sector, with growth to further build up from positive 2015 figures. Economic development and regional trade expansion are increasing trade volumes. Meanwhile, infrastructure investment has temporarily resolved congestion issues and planned projects will provide further accommodation for rising throughput over the medium term. Also contributing to our positive outlook, the Cabotage Act signed in 2015 lowers entry barriers for foreign shipowners, boosting shipping activity in the country.
Over 2016-2019 ...
BMI View: Operators will aim to derive revenue growth from growing mobile data usage trends, leveraging the Philippines' strong economic growth potential to introduce premium value added services (VAS) and data-heavy mobile applications. To this end, both Philippines Long Distance Telephone (PLDT) and Globe Telecom have tied up with over the top (OTT) video streaming platforms such as iflix, HQ and Netflix. However, smartphone ownership and slow speeds are key enablers that need to be addressed.
|Quality Networks Will...|
BMI View: Tourism is seen as an important part of the Philippines' economic future, and has been acknowledged as a sector of importance by the country's government. Endowed with world class diving sites, luxury beach resorts, and cosmopolitan cities, the country has achieved high levels of growth in inbound arrivals over the last five years. Further liberalisation of the airline industry and a move to improve infrastructure and the quality of the hotel base should see significant amounts of growth over the forecast period. However, the country still has issues with terrorist activity and crime, which may deter some travellers and an election in 2016 has increased uncertainty over the economic direction of the country. Overall,...