In-depth country-focused analysis on Latvia's economic, political and operational risk environment, complemented by detailed sector insight


Our comprehensive assessment of Latvia's operating environment and the outlook for its leading sectors are formed by bringing together a wealth of data on global markets that affect Latvia, as well as the latest industry developments that could impact Latvia's industries. This unique integrated approach has given us an impeccable track-record for predicting important shifts in the markets, ensuring you’re aware of the latest market opportunities and risks in Latvia before your competitors.

Country Risk

Latvia Country Risk

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Core Views

  • Latvia's economic recovery will continue in 2016, although we emphasize that labour market improvements are partly the result of high levels of emigration.

  • We see small but growing scope for the government to ease up on its long-held policy of fiscal austerity going forward.

  • The Russian embargo on EU agricultural goods has weakened the growth outlook and Latvia will be among the worst EU states affected.

  • Growth will remain subdued due to the need for further deleveraging.

Major Forecast Changes

  • We have downgraded our medium-term growth outlook, and forecast average real GDP growth of just 3.0% between 2017 and 2020, from a previous forecast of 3.4%.


Latvia Industry Coverage (10)


Latvia Autos

BMI View:

BMI View: We believe that the combination of a strengthening economy and greater demand for passenger cars and SUVs will lead to further growth for the Latvian new vehicle sales market in 2016. We are targeting over 10% growth for the sector as a whole, with passenger cars set to outperform commercial vehicles.

Passenger Car and Light Commercial Vehicle Sales
f = BMI forecast. Source: National sources, BMI
Key Views

Commercial Banking

Latvia Commercial Banking

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Commercial Banking Sector Indicators
Date Total assets Client loans Bond portfolio Other Liabilities and capital Capital Client deposits

Food & Drink

Latvia Food & Drink

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BMI View: Household confidence has improved over the last year and will likely keep rising in 2016, as a result of positive developments in the labour market and steadily growing wages. Registered cars also continued to rise 2015, tallying with steady retail sales growth. Taken together, the outlook for households remains one of gradual but robust improvement as the sector draws to the end of its deleveraging cycle and disposable incomes rise. Low inflation is also helping to bolster household purchasing power, although consumer price growth will begin to pick up at the start of 2016 as the base effects from low oil decline. However, we forecast household consumption to stay static relative to total GDP over the next five years, at 61%.

Headline Industry Data (Local Currency)

  • 2015 per capita food consumption: +3.1...

Freight Transport

Latvia Freight Transport

BMI View:

BMI View: Latvia's freight industry will grow at a moderate pace over 2016, prompted by stable economic growth and an uptick in household consumption. However, it is poised to feel the negative effects of the deterioration in trade relations between the EU and the Russian Federation. While on aggregate sanctions put in place by the West have not significantly affected the EU's growth outlook, they have hit Latvia hard. Russia is one of Latvia's largest trading partners, accounting for 10% of total exports, and the country also acts as a conduit for trade between the EU and Russia.

The economic outlook for Latvia remains stable over the short term, although weaker demand from Russia is dragging on the industrial sector. We forecast real...


Latvia Infrastructure

BMI View:

BMI View: Deteriorating relations between the EU and Russia, and Russia's subsequent recession, had a sharp knock-on effect in Latvia's construction industry, which had been performing strongly until 2015. The next decade will be characterised by muted, but steady growth, unlike the previous decade, as slowly improving economic fundamentals drive fuel investment, alongside EU funding for regional energy and transport interconnectivity projects.

Latest Updates And Structural Trends

  • We see industry growth falling significantly off pace to 5.4% in 2015, before rebounding softly to 6.0% in 2016, then averaging over 4% between 2015-2024, ending with a value of EUR2.4bn.



Latvia Insurance

BMI View:

BMI View: Latvia's insurance sector is one of the smaller markets in Central and Eastern Europe, and certain lines such as life insurance remain extremely under-developed. A lack of household spending power and a general lack of awareness of the benefits of certain insurance products have restricted spending. However, the growing influence of multinational insurance firms on the market is leading to advances in product innovation and distribution strategies which are leading to increased take-up of life insurance and other products. We also note the positive effects of Latvia's strengthening economy which is boosting disposable household incomes and consumer spending. These factors are likely to see increasing foreign interest in the country's insurance market following recent...

Medical Devices

Latvia Medical Devices

BMI View:

BMI Industry View: We expect the medical device market to continue growing over the next five years, with a US dollar CAGR of 2.8% forecast for the 2014-2019 period. The market is largely supplied by imports, principally from Western suppliers. Domestic production has traditionally been geared towards satisfying the local market and exporting to other former Soviet countries, but as Russian demand falls away we expect to see an increase in...

Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

Latvia Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

BMI View:

BMI View: The outlook for Latvia's pharmaceutical and healthcare markets will be primarily driven by the government's fiscal austerity measures. The healthcare sector, already severely underfunded, will struggle given cuts and place more emphasis on the private sector. Growth in the pharmaceutical sector will be limited by an increasing preference for generic substitution despite a transparent regulatory environment.

Headline Expenditure Projections

  • Pharmaceuticals: EUR338mn (USD372mn) in 2015 to EUR353mn (USD377mn) in 2016; +4.4% in local currency terms and 1.5% in US dollar terms. Forecast unchanged from previous quarter...


Latvia Telecommunications

BMI View:

BMI View : Although Latvia has one of the most advanced mobile and broadband infrastructure markets, its services sector is less well developed. This is due to a lack of competition: Lattelecom and Baltcom dominate the wireline sector, while LMT and Tele2 dominate the mobile arena. Lattelecom - if it buys LMT - could become a prominent quad-play provider. Baltcom, too, could use its 4G spectrum to follow suit. Or it could buy faltering Bite Latvia . Either way, there is little scope for newcomers to enter and prosper in this small, saturated market.

Saturation Forces...


Latvia Tourism

BMI View:

BMI View: We continue to hold a broadly positive outlook for the Baltic countries' tourism sectors in 2016 and beyond. While these markets will continue to suffer the effects of political and economic turmoil in Russia and Ukraine, this will not prevent further robust growth in tourist arrivals. We expect growth to be supported by increased intra-Baltic and wider European tourism on the back of improving economic conditions across the continent. Of the three Baltic countries, we maintain our view that Latvia and Estonia will see the strongest arrivals growth over the next few years, averaging around 5-6% annually.

Key Updates & Forecasts

  • The Baltic region's tourism sector will continue to grow at a healthy rate in 2016 with visitor arrivals in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania...

Latest Latvia Articles

  • Britain's exit ('Brexit') from the EU would have significant geopolitical i...

  • In BMI's regular round-up of production investments, we track the latest pr...

  • Record profits achieved in 2015 were due, in no small part, to the performa...

Latest Latvia Blogs

  • A new Pew Research Center survey, published on June 10, appears to raise do...

  • BMI Research regularly carries out scenario analysis of 'low probability-hi...

  • Russia's decision to intervene in Crimea, Ukraine, has several geopolitical...

Latest Latvia Podcasts

  • The operating environment for energy firms in the European Union is ex...


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