Kyrgyzstan

In-depth country-focused analysis on Kyrgyzstan's economic, political and operational risk environment, complemented by detailed sector insight

Kyrgyzstan

Our comprehensive assessment of Kyrgyzstan's operating environment and the outlook for its leading sectors are formed by bringing together a wealth of data on global markets that affect Kyrgyzstan, as well as the latest industry developments that could impact Kyrgyzstan's industries. This unique integrated approach has given us an impeccable track-record for predicting important shifts in the markets, ensuring you’re aware of the latest market opportunities and risks in Kyrgyzstan before your competitors.

Country Risk

Kyrgyzstan Country Risk

BMI View:

CORE VIEWS

  • Kazakhstan's incumbent leader Nursultan Nazarbayev won by a landslide in presidential election on April 26 - winning 97.7% of the votes with a record turnout of 95.1% - prolonging for five more years his 24-year-long rule. While the election result will ensure policy continuity in the near term, the succession question will increasingly cloud the country's medium- to long-term socio-political outlook.

  • The worsening macro outlook for Central Asia will compound the issue of water supplies in the region. The latter, in turn, poses a major risk not only to our 2015 growth outlook for the region, but also to our medium- to long-term political stability and growth forecasts.

  • Although general elections in Tajikistan held on March 1 resulted in the landslide victory of President Emomali Rahmon's ruling People...

To read the full article Register for Free or Login

Kyrgyzstan Operational Risk Coverage (9)

Kyrgyzstan Operational Risk

BMI View:

BMI View: Kyrgyzstan offers substantial labour risks for investors entering the country and the biggest is the poor education standards of the workforce. Despite a relatively large young workforce with high levels of female participation, the skilled and urban pool is limited. Importing foreign workers requires a lengthy and tedious visa application process, increasing costs for businesses. Kyrgyzstan is placed eighth from bottom out of 31 countries in the Emerging Europe region with a score of 51.8 out of 100 ahead only of Macedonia, Albania and Uzbekistan.

...

To read the full article Register for Free or Login

Kyrgyzstan Crime & Security

BMI View:

Kyrgyzstan poses a high degree of security risks to foreign business travellers, expatriates, and tourists. For the most part, the greatest risks to these groups are petty crime such as pick-pocketing and theft, rather than violent crimes. However, the persistent weakness of the Kyrgyz state means that there are limits to the government's ability to maintain order and security.

Combating terrorism is one of the government's top priorities. Militant Islamist ideologies are reportedly gaining adherents in Kyrgyzstan, especially in the south of the country, which shares borders with Uzbekistan and highly fragile Tajikistan - both of which are experiencing Islamist agitation. Kyrgyzstan's proximity to Afghanistan - the main hub of Islamist militancy and extremism - and adjacency to China's westernmost region of Xinjiang - where ethnic Uighurs are fighting for an independent state - exposes it to regional Islamist currents. We expect terrorism and...

To read the full article Register for Free or Login

Kyrgyzstan Labour Market

BMI View:

As a result of a poor-quality education system and low urbanisation, there is a limited pool of poorly educated workers, the majority of which are based in rural areas. Significantly, there is also a lack of workers educated to tertiary level, which increases risks to investors looking to move into sectors requiring highly skilled workers. However, Kyrgyzstan has one of the lowest minimum wages in the region, bringing down the cost of employment and reducing the labour market risk. Kyrgyzstan is a regionally poor performer for Labour Market risk overall. We have given it a score of 47.9 out of 100, which places it 5 th from bottom in Emerging Europe (EE), between Moldova and Macedonia, and 18.4 points behind BRICS member Russia.

Availability Of Labour presents a large risk to investors, with the small size of the country's workforce contributing to its score of 46.2, placing it 21st out of 30 countries in the region. After years of...

To read the full article Register for Free or Login

Kyrgyzstan Logistics

BMI View:

The major risks in Kyrgyzstan include poor domestic transport infrastructures, high costs and complications involved in trading internationally, low international connectivity, and a small market size. Kyrgyzstan receives an overall score of 31.12 out of 100 for its Logistics Risk, placing it in second-lowest position out of 31 countries in the region, above Mongolia only.

Kyrgyzstan's transport networks are hampered by the rugged, mountainous terrain which makes increasing capacities difficult, and the frequent geographic activity which makes large investment in infrastructures risky. Due to this, the rail and road networks suffer a lack of quality, increasing risks in terms of delays due to impassable sections of track or road. Air transport is relatively adequate in terms of quality, but the geographic spread of airports in Kyrgyzstan is limited and air cargo is an expensive method of transport.

Kyrgyzstan also...

To read the full article Register for Free or Login

Kyrgyzstan Trade & Investment

BMI View:

Convoluted bureaucratic procedures act to inhibit investors' activities, however the country's fiscal environment is one of its greatest assets, with low corporate and profit tax making it an attractive option. As a result foreign direct investment is relatively high, and the government is looking to increase FDI as a means of boosting the country's prospects. Poor legal infrastructure and an unsophisticated banking sector are two additional contributing factors to Kyrgyzstan's extremely poor performance on Trade and Investment. BMI gives the country a score of 39.4 out of 100 in our Trade and Investment Risk Index, which places it 29 th out of 30 countries in Emerging Europe (EE), only ahead of neighbouring Tajikistan, which scores 38.1. Kyrgyzstan is ranked 9.3 points behind BRICS member Russia, and 38.8 points behind regional frontrunner Estonia.

Kyrgyzstan underperforms on Economic Openness largely due...

To read the full article Register for Free or Login

Kyrgyzstan Industry Coverage (2)

Defence & Security

Kyrgyzstan Defence & Security

BMI View:

BMI View:  At present, Kazakhstan and the other four Central Asia countries, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan have limited defence budgets, yet numerous requirements. While BMI expects these budgets to increase incrementally over the coming years, BMI also expects the budgetary and underdevelopment challenges to limit those increases considerably. These countries face numerous internal and external security challenges, including border disputes, criminality, and domestic and transnational terrorism.

BMI expects Kazakhstan's defence spending to have reached USD2.4bn by the end of 2014 and USD2.6bn by the end of 2015. While...

To read the full article Register for Free or Login

Telecommunications

Kyrgyzstan Telecommunications

BMI View:

BMI View: State interference and political risk remains the most important risk of doing business in the Central Asian region. This was again amplified as government involvement became a key theme over the first six months of 2015. In Turkmenistan, a new state-owned company was created to spur competition, in Kyrgyzstan, state-owned Kyrgyz Mobile Company was sold to state-owned Mega C om and in Uzbekistan, state-owned Uzmobile launched a GSM network to better compete in the mobile market. This therefore does not appear to be a risk that is going to end in the short or long term. Kazakhstan is the most attractive of the region and its ascension to the WTO in June 2015 should lead to wide-...

To read the full article Register for Free or Login

Latest Kyrgyzstan Articles

Latest Kyrgyzstan Blogs

  • China's ambitious plan to build connections with Europe and the Middle East...