In-depth country-focused analysis on Estonia's economic, political and operational risk environment, complemented by detailed sector insight


Our comprehensive assessment of Estonia's operating environment and the outlook for its leading sectors are formed by bringing together a wealth of data on global markets that affect Estonia, as well as the latest industry developments that could impact Estonia's industries. This unique integrated approach has given us an impeccable track-record for predicting important shifts in the markets, ensuring you’re aware of the latest market opportunities and risks in Estonia before your competitors.

Country Risk

Estonia Country Risk

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Core Views

  • Although Estonia's current account flipped into surplus in Q214, the positive balance will not be experienced for long with EU economic sanctions on Russia suppressing exports and the accelerating economic recovery boosting import levels. The deficit will remain manageable in 2015 and 2016, with the services account set to remain a significant positive contributor.

  • The Estonian Reform Party is on course to retain first place in the March 2015 general election, boosted by its competent economic management and the hard line taken with Russia during the Ukraine crisis. The identity of the junior coalition partner is more uncertain with three parties competing for second spot, and a fractious election campaign could result in more aggressive political discourse following the vote.

  • The...

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Estonia Industry Coverage (10)


Estonia Autos

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2014 has proved a positive year for new vehicle sales within Estonia. Over the first nine months of the year, passenger car (PC) sales were up by 5% year-on-year (y-o-y), at 15,874 units, according to figures from Estonia's association of car dealers and service companies (AMTEL). September's monthly performance was highly impressive, up 19% y-o-y, at 1,841 units for the month.

On the commercial vehicle side, 8M14 figures from the European Auto Manufacturers Association (ACEA) show a total of 1,884 light commercial vehicles (LCVs) sold in country, with a further 508 medium and heavy commercial vehicles sold, plus a further 79 buses, for a total of 2,471 units sold year-to-date.

Adding the 2,471 CV units to the 14,033 PCs sold over 8M14 makes for a total new vehicle market of 16,504 units. On current sales trends, this leaves the Estonian new vehicle sales market on target to hit BMI's forecast of...

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Food & Drink

Estonia Food & Drink

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The Estonian retail sector remains positive and is planning further expansion of both ranges and premises during 2015, with mass grocery retail players being no exception. The country's economy has turned a corner and will post relatively strong real GDP growth over the next two years. Although Estonia's unemployment will fall at a slower rate, household incomes will continue to increase and this rising domestic demand will more than offset lower export growth, as relations with Russia remain strained.

Headline Industry Data

  • 2014 per capita food consumption (local currency): +2.04%; forecast compound annual growth rate (CAGR) to 2018: +2.06%.

  • 2014 alcoholic drinks sales (volume): -0.39%; forecast CAGR to 2018: +0.54%.

  • 2014 soft drinks sales (volume): +2...

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Freight Transport

Estonia Freight Transport

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Estonia's freight transport sector will continue to face headwinds in 2015, with the country's current account returning to deficit in 2015, with EU economic sanctions on Russia suppressing exports and the accelerating economic recovery boosting import levels.

Despite a flip into surplus in Q2 2014 we hold to our forecast for Estonia to post current account deficits in 2015 and 2016. The ongoing Russian ban on the import of Estonian food products will restrict export growth while the accelerating economic recovery, founded on strong private consumption, will see demand for imports increase. As has been the case for a number of years we expect Estonia's robust and vibrant ICT sector and expanding transport network to ensure the services account continues to post a surplus.

We forecast the current account deficit to widen to 1.5% of GDP in 2015 and 1.7% in 2016, before an improvement in external demand (particularly from...

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Estonia Infrastructure

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BMI View : The only real growth stories of note in our outlook for the Estonian construction sector are a relatively strong residential housing subsector, driven by rising house prices and high demand, and developments at the country's ports with further trade routes and partners being targeted. While 2015 will be a return to growth after two years of contraction for the construction sector at 3.5%, the long-term outlook is unspectacular low single-digit growth.

Although business confidence is still relatively weak - owing to cautious recovery in the eurozone, there is significant optimism in the household sector. As mentioned, the dominant residential building sector will be the main driver of construction growth to...

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Estonia Insurance

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BMI View: Estonia is a small but fairly rapidly growing insurance market. In the vastly more important non-life segment, the economic recovery and initiatives by the insurers themselves should underpin high single-digit growth in premiums in most sub-sectors. The main exception is the motor vehicle segment where volumes are unlikely to grow - though we note that some insurers may be able to increase prices. In the life segment, a campaign by the major multi-national companies that are present in Estonia to educate households and companies should ensure that premiums will rise quite quickly from a low base over the medium-to-long term.

In the context of Central and...

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Medical Devices

Estonia Medical Devices

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BMI Industry View: We forecast the medical device market to grow by a CAGR of 2.3% between 2014 and 2019, compared with a CAGR of 6.1% for the 2009-2014 period. The small size of the market limits the scope for the purchase of more expensive items. The medical device market is largely supplied by imports, principally from Western suppliers. The trade...

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Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

Estonia Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

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BMI View: We expect growth in Estonia's healthcare expenditure to decelerate over the long term given the country's fiscally conservative nature, the limited capacity of the national health insurer to accommodate further healthcare spending growth and BMI's outlook for the country's economy over the long term. Drugmakers can expect to see constrained revenue growth in the country as pricing pressures and restrictive drug reimbursement will be employed by the Estonian health insurance fund to restrict healthcare expenditure.

Headline Expenditure Projections

  • Pharmaceuticals: Sales will rise from EUR292mn (USD391mn) in 2014 to EUR310mn (USD341mn) in 2015, up 6.3% in local currency terms and down 12.8% in US dollar terms. Forecast revised upwards from last quarter.

  • ...

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Estonia Shipping

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Port Of Tallinn To See Moderate Growth In 2015

Total trade volumes in Estonia are increasing, driven by growing domestic consumption and economic growth. We forecast that favourable economic conditions such as low unemployment and inflation will carry on, boosting both consumption and trade. Port authorities in Estonia are focusing on attracting global container companies meaning that port infrastructure development will continue, supporting further growth in throughput tonnage at Estonian ports.

Estonia's economy has enjoyed positive real GPD growth rates since 2010 and BMI forecasts this to continue at an average 2.9% y-o-y growth rate between 2015 and 2019. Domestic industries such us automotives, textile, timber and electronics will continue to receive foreign investment, boosting the economy as a whole. The fact that Estonia is a transit country for Russian...

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Estonia Telecommunications

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BMI View:   Estonia's telecoms sector is one of the most developed in the region, particularly with regards to the deployment of advanced next-generation wireline and mobile broadband technologies and services. However, its small geographical size and relatively closed nature means that new entrants have very few opportunities to develop their businesses and this has the potential to hamper innovation in the field of new solutions and services. Eesti Telekom continues to dominate virtually all aspects of the electronic communications services market and the regulator's reluctance to open up the broadband infrastructure access market still further means that the situation is unlikely to change in the medium term. That said, we believe pressures are mounting on the fragmented cable TV sector to consolidate...

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Estonia Tourism

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BMI View:   Overall we maintain our outlooks for the Baltic states' tourism sectors over 2015. Although the countries stand to lose out due to the ongoing issues (both economic and political) arising from the Russia-Ukraine tensions, and this will constrain arrivals from these countries, we believe that these losses will largely be mitigated by increased inter-regional tourism within the three Baltic states, as well as from other European countries which increasingly view the Baltic region as a more stable alternative to Russia and Ukraine. In particular we feel that Lithuania's tourism sector could see substantial growth over the longer term if its bid to join the euro is successful, as it will facilitate multilateral tourist traffic from and to the eurozone. 

One of the main developments over 2014 has been the advancement of the proposal to include...

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