In-depth country-focused analysis on Estonia's economic, political and operational risk environment, complemented by detailed sector insight


Our comprehensive assessment of Estonia's operating environment and the outlook for its leading sectors are formed by bringing together a wealth of data on global markets that affect Estonia, as well as the latest industry developments that could impact Estonia's industries. This unique integrated approach has given us an impeccable track-record for predicting important shifts in the markets, ensuring you’re aware of the latest market opportunities and risks in Estonia before your competitors.

Country Risk

Estonia Country Risk

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Core Views

  • Although Estonia's current account flipped into surplus in Q214, the positive balance will not be experienced for long with EU economic sanctions on Russia suppressing exports and the accelerating economic recovery boosting import levels. The deficit will remain manageable in 2015 and 2016, with the services account set to remain a significant positive contributor.

  • The Estonian Reform Party is on course to retain first place in the March 2015 general election, boosted by its competent economic management and the hard line taken with Russia during the Ukraine crisis. The identity of the junior coalition partner is more uncertain with three parties competing for second spot, and a fractious election campaign could result in more aggressive political discourse following the vote.

  • The...

Estonia Industry Coverage (10)


Estonia Autos

BMI View:

BMI View: We believe that a combination of a recovering economy and greater investment in fleet renewal from business will lead to further growth for the Estonian new vehicle sales market in 2016. We are targeting almost 10% growth for the sector as a whole, with commercial vehicles set to outperform passenger cars.

Latest Developments

Passenger Car And Light Commercial Vehicle Sales
f = BMI forecast. Source: National sources, BMI

Food & Drink

Estonia Food & Drink

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BMI View : The Estonian retail sector remains positive and is planning further expansion of both ranges and premises during 2016, with mass grocery retail players being no exception. Domestic demand will remain the largest contributor of growth in 2016, as strong real wages and unemployment dynamics bolster consumer spending. However, as inflation returns to higher levels, we expect household purchasing power to reduce in comparison to 2015.

Headline Industry Data

  • 2015 per capita food consumption (local currency): +1.4%; forecast compound annual growth rate (CAGR) to 2019: +1.8%.

  • 2015 alcoholic drinks sales (volume): 0.2%; forecast CAGR to 2019: +1.0%.

  • 2015 soft drinks sales (volume): +3.4%; forecast CAGR to 2019: +0.3%.

  • ...

Freight Transport

Estonia Freight Transport

BMI View:

BMI View: Estonia's freight transport sector will continue to be affected by a drop in exports owing to a lack of demand from Russian markets (as a result of the food import ban) in addition to continuing economic weaknesses in Europe and especially in the Nordic countries, two of which are Estonia's top export destinations. Rail freight dominates the country's freight mix and will continue to do so over the medium term, benefit...


Estonia Infrastructure

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BMI View: A return to positive growth in Estonia's construction and infrastructure industry is forecast for 2016, before holding fairly robust momentum over the next decade. Hot spots can be found in residential building, although a housing bubble may be on the horizon, while EU transport and energy interconnectivity projects are seeing focused investment across the Baltics. Financing may be an issue given the small size of the market and the only tentative recovery in Estonia's external demand picture, although private consumption will remain resilient in the short term.

Latest Updates And Structural Trends

  • Positive growth will return to the Estonian...


Estonia Insurance

BMI View:

BMI View: Estonia's insurance industry is expected to grow steadily over the forecast period between 2016 and 2020, particularly in the larger non-life sector. Similar to many developing markets, Estonia's non-life sector is dominated by basic lines including motor and property insurance - each of which is expected to grow over the next five years, bolstered by wider economic growth as well as the diversification of available product lines. In the life sector, gradual improvements in average household income rates will support growth, though affordability remains a hindrance to stronger growth. Already a highly consolidated market, the small size of Estonia's life and non-life sectors means we do not expect to see any major new entrants in the near-term.

Headline Insurance Forecasts (Estonia 2013-2020)...

Medical Devices

Estonia Medical Devices

BMI View:

BMI View: Estonia's medical device market will increase at a modest 2014-2019 CAGR of 2.3%, which is slightly above average for the Central & Eastern Europe region. The market is heavily reliant on imports, but its small size limits the scope for the purchase of more expensive items.

Projected Medical device Market, 2014-2019
Total (USDmn) Per Capita (USD) Total (Local Currency mn) Per Capita (Local Currency) ...

Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

Estonia Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

BMI View:

BMI View: Estonia's healthcare system is much more mature than its Central and Eastern European peers, but given the country's limited resources, the country is less appealing to pharmaceutical companies. Drugmakers can expect to see constrained revenue growth in the country as pricing pressures and restrictive drug reimbursement are employed by the Estonian health insurance fund to restrict healthcare expenditure.

Headline Expenditure Projections

  • Pharmaceuticals: Sales will rise from EUR310mn (USD344mn) in 2015 to EUR328mn (USD350mn) in 2016, up 5.8% in local currency terms and up 2.0% in US dollar terms. Forecast has been maintained from last quarter.

  • Healthcare:...


Estonia Shipping

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Port Of Tallinn To Regain Positive Growth In 2016

Trade volumes in Estonia look to be in a healthy position going into 2016, with growth figures looking set to rise in the short to medium term. Imports will see slightly more favourable growth than exports but both will impact favourably on Estonia's shipping industry as evidenced by a predicted rise in throughput at the Port of Tallinn, at least until 2017. Here, container throughput growth looks most healthy with 4.01% growth predicted for 2016, rising to 6.37% by 2017.

Estonia's economy is in a strong position, buoyed up by low unemployment and inflation figures. With GDP forecast to continue to grow at an average 2.9% y-o-y growth rate between 2015 and 2019, consumer demand looks set to remain strong, which will boost trade figures in the country. Estonia's importance as a key transshipment...


Estonia Telecommunications

BMI View:

BMI View: Estonia's telecoms sector is one of the most developed in the region, particularly with regards to the deployment of advanced next-generation wireline and mobile broadband technologies and services. However, its small geographical size and relatively closed nature means that new entrants have very few opportunities to develop their businesses. Cable broadband operator Starman could become a catalyst for change as it makes strategic acquisitions and augments its service portfolio. Buying 4G licensee GO Network would transform it into a major multi-play service provider and alter market dynamics.

Customers Migrating To Premium Services
Estonia Mobile Market Forecasts


Estonia Tourism

BMI View:

BMI View: We continue to hold a broadly positive outlook for the Baltic countries' tourism sectors in 2016 and beyond. While these markets will continue to suffer the effects of political and economic turmoil in Russia and Ukraine, this will not prevent further robust growth in tourist arrivals. We expect growth to be supported by increased intra-Baltic and wider European tourism on the back of improving economic conditions across the continent. Of the three Baltic countries, we maintain our view that Latvia and Estonia will see the strongest arrivals growth over the next few years, averaging around 5-6% annually.

Key Updates & Forecasts

  • The Baltic region's tourism sector will continue to grow at a healthy rate in 2016 with visitor arrivals in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania...

Latest Estonia Articles

  • An unsettled political and economic environment in the wake of the Brexit v...

  • We maintain our above-consensus forecast for the year, with Brent and WTI f...

  • The 2015-2016 El Niño episode had a severe negative impact on agricultural ...

Latest Estonia Blogs

  • A new Pew Research Center survey, published on June 10, appears to raise do...

  • BMI Research regularly carries out scenario analysis of 'low probability-hi...

  • Russia's decision to intervene in Crimea, Ukraine, has several geopolitical...

Latest Estonia Podcasts

  • The operating environment for energy firms in the European Union is ex...


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