Denmark
In-depth country-focused analysis on Denmark's economic, political and operational risk environment, complemented by detailed sector insight

Our comprehensive assessment of Denmark's operating environment and the outlook for its leading sectors are formed by bringing together a wealth of data on global markets that affect Denmark, as well as the latest industry developments that could impact Denmark's industries. This unique integrated approach has given us an impeccable track-record for predicting important shifts in the markets, ensuring you’re aware of the latest market opportunities and risks in Denmark before your competitors.

Country Risk

Denmark Country Risk

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Core Views

  • Extraordinary monetary policy measures and improvement in the labour market will help offset a weaker external demand picture in Denmark. Private consumption will remain the main engine of growth, despite a very large household debt burden.

  • Denmark will experience broad political stability over the coming decade, but changes to the welfare state will see divisions emerge between left and right, and old and young. Meanwhile, opposition to immigration will increase. The government will continue to face demands from Greenland for full independence, although this scenario will not play out in our 10-year forecast period to 2024.

Major Forecast Changes

  • We have revised our discount rate forecast for Denmark to 0.00% until 2017, having previously projected 0.25% and 0.50% in...

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Denmark Industry Coverage (9)

Autos

Denmark Autos

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New vehicle sales rose by 5% over 2014, to 221,708 units, according to figures from the Danish Car Importers Association - De Danske Bilimportorer (DBI). This was just shy of BMI's forecast of a 5.8% increase, but still bears out our optimistic stance on the local sales market.

Breaking down the headline figure, passenger car sales were up by 3.8% year-on-year (y-o-y), at 189,051 units. Within the commercial vehicle segment, light commercial vehicle (LCV) sales showed the strongest growth over the past year, increasing by 18.6%, to 28,473 units. However, heavy commercial vehicle (HCV) sales actually fell by 14.4%, to 3,690 units. Bus sales totalled 494 units, up 14.6%.

We retain a constructive view on the medium-term outlook for Danish new car sales, although we believe there will be slower sales growth in 2015 than 2014. Overall, we believe that the macroeconomic backdrop is...

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Food & Drink

Denmark Food & Drink

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BMI View: The Nordics consumer outlook remains gloomy, as the countries are expected to feel the negative effects of the slowdown in Russia and the eurozone. In 2015, real GDP growth in each country is not expected to exceed 2.4%. Heavy household debt loads will continue to curb private consumption in Denmark and Norway, while Sweden and Finland will suffer from relatively high and sticky unemployment levels.

Key Forecasts

Denmark

  • Food consumption (local currency) growth in 2015: +3.6%; compound annual growth rate (CAGR) 2014-2019: +4.5%

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Insurance

Denmark Insurance

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BMI View:  Developments through Q414 confirm our view that premiums will likely fall slightly in the coming months in USD terms, and will expand only slowly through the forecast period. However, the formidable strengths of both major segments continue to stand out. In the life segment, leading players are competing on the basis of excellence of investment performance (and low costs for clients). In the non-life segment, the leaders are competing in numerous ways - cutting prices, doing deals, reducing claims and other costs and developing new distribution channels.

Total insurance premiums in Denmark amount to over 9% of GDP and are rising by this measure. Total insurance premiums are equivalent to USD5,400 or so per capita. These metrics highlight how Denmark is home to one of the strongest and best established insurance sectors of any of the countries that...

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Medical Devices

Denmark Medical Devices

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BMI Industry View: Denmark represents a mature medical device market with above average per capita spending. The market is being constrained by slow economic growth, which is increasing pressure to scale back the country's generous welfare system. As such the market is only expected to show low growth with a US dollar CAGR of 1.9% forecast for the 2013-2018 period. Local production is focused on consumables and patient aids, primarily hearing aids, leaving the majority of the market heavily dependent on imports.

Headline Industry Forecasts

  • The medical device market is valued at USD1,587.3mn in 2013, equal to USD283 per capita. The market is...

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Oil & Gas

Denmark Oil & Gas

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BMI View: We expect a partial, but temporary recovery in oil and gas volumes over the medium term, as small developments come online. Past 2019 however, production will resume to the downside. While the country should remain a net oil and gas exporter, exports will become increasingly thin by the end of our forecast period.

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Headline Forecasts (Denmark 2013-2019)
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Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

Denmark Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

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BMI View: Our outlook for Denmark's pharmaceutical industry is relatively optimistic going into 2015 as we expect the country's small pharmaceutical market to return to growth for the first time since 2009. We maintain our view that Denmark is an attractive market for drugmakers to operate in due to the country's high per-capita drug expenditure, transparent operating environment and strong regulatory climate. However, as the country's aging population increases, government cost-containment measures will be focused on the healthcare sector in order to cope with spiralling costs.

Headline...

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Power

Denmark Power

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BMI View: This quarter we have extended our forecast to 2024. This notwithstanding, we maintain our long-held view that, while growth expectations in the region are improving, economic woes in the eurozone remain a major risk factor for the consumption and generation outlook of the three Nordic countries, as more regional instability could undermine their economic activity. In terms of sector trends, we note that Denmark...

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Renewables

Denmark Renewables

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BMI View : With our fundamental assumptions for the three Nordic markets covered in this report unvaried, our forecasts for non-hydropower renewable energy generation in the Nordics remain largely unchanged. Key projects in the region continue to progress in line with our expectations, with Denmark's progressive loss of its energy self-sufficient status likely to lead the country to a greater focus on the prompt development of renewables. We also note that Sweden's possible phase-out of nuclear energy could jeopardise the reliability of the system, while pushing the country towards a larger share of renewable generation.

We are maintaining our 2014 forecast for non-hydropower renewable energy generation in the Nordics this quarter. This is because key projects in the region continue to progress in line with our expectations. For 2014, we expect non-hydropower renewable...

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Telecommunications

Denmark Telecommunications

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BMI View: The Danish telecommunications market is highly mature and increasingly focused around value-added premium services. Most notably, while the broadband market is growing steadily on the back of demand for converged services, the mobile sector is beginning to show signs of fatigue, with periodic declines in subscriber numbers linked to the retirement of low-value or inactive accounts. Curiously, adoption of M2M services lags behind other equally advanced European markets, although growth now seems to be accelerating. In this environment, there are scant opportunities for new or risk-averse investors, although the potential for niche value-added services is far from played out.

Key Data

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